Military Surplus Guide
Bulletproof vests are a type of armor worn on the body designed to protect it from the impact of firearm-fired bullets and shrapnel from explosions. While many vests have the ability to protect the wearer from small caliber firearms and projectiles with numerous layers of woven fabric, bulletproof vests still are usually equipped with armor plates made from ceramic, metal or polyethylene. Bulletproof Vests also occasionally have the ability to protect the wearer from cold weapons such as knives.
Bulletproof vests are typically used by police forces, national leaders and political figures as well security personnel, namely soldiers and SWAT Team officers. They are also used by bodyguards. In the modern era, the strongest bulletproof vests with the highest protection values meet the standards of the US-based National Institute of Justice (NIJ) together with those of the government of the country in which it was manufactured.
World of Judaica’s Bulletproof Vest collection includes products that are designed to protect against firearms using polyethylene or ceramic plates. These vests meet the latest standards of the NIJ, currently Standard-0101.04.
What is the NIJ?
The NIJ, or National Institute of Justice, is the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice. The institute is dedicated to understanding crime and justice through science. NIJ develops technologies related to enforcement of the law and provides a range of tools to state, federal and local law enforcement agencies designed to reduce crime and educate. In addition, NIJ establishes the universal standards for items such as bulletproof vests. The research conducted at NIJ covers a range of disciplines including engineering, criminology, forensic science, biology and chemistry as well as statistics and the social sciences.
How Bulletproof Vests Work
Bulletproof vests use the layers of fibers to deform a bullet and spread its force outward. Each progressive layer absorbs additional energy. This turns the bullet into a disk and brings it to a stop before it can penetrate the vest.
Bulletproof vests have different levels of protection that guarantee shielding from different threats. Generally, bulletproof vests are designed to absorb the shell and impact from a bullet. They are generally not designed to protect against knives, although a vest may make a knife attack less lethal.
Please note: Adding Kevlar or another fiber will add protection to your vest. The values listed below are approximate. In addition, the values below take into consideration the velocity of the bullet, force upon impact and the effect on the body. The values allow for a dent about 1.7" deep.
Body Armor Ballistics Resistance Chart – NIJ 0101.04 Standard
|NIJ Level||Bullet Caliber||Projectile Type||Weight Grains||Velocity: M/S||Velocity: FT/S|
|I||38 Special||Round Nose (RN) Lead||158||260||850|
|I||38 Special + P||Semi Wood Cutter (SWC) Lead||158||290||950|
|II-A||9 MM||Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)||124||335||1090|
|II-A||.357 Magnum||Jacketed Soft Point (JSP)||158||381||1250|
|II-A||.357 Magnum||Jacketed Soft Point (JSP)||158||395||1300|
|II-A||22 LRHV (R)||Copper Plated Lead||40||440||1450|
|II||.357 Magnum||Jacketed Soft Point (JSP)||158||425||1395|
|II||.357 Magnum||Soft Jacketed Soft Point (SJSP)||125||440||1450|
|II||12 Gauge Shotgun||Buckshot||Pellets – 9||410||1350|
|II||.44 Magnum||Soft Jacketed Soft Point (SJSP)||240||360||1180|
|III-A||9 MM Lapua||Full Metal Cover (FMC)||123||355||1200|
|III-A||9 MM Norma||Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)||116||351||1150|
|III-A||9 MM Geco||Full Metal Cover (FMC)||123||366||1200|
|III-A||9MM Canadian||Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)||116||381||1250|
|III-A||9MM Cavim||Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)||339||1110|
|III-A||.44 Magnum||Lead Semi Wood Cutter Gas Check (SWC-GC)||240||425||1400|
|III-A||9 MM||Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)||124||425||1400|
|III-A||9 MM SMG||Silvertip HP||115||425||1400|
|III||7.62 MM NATO (R)||USM Ball M80||150||838||2750|
|III||7.62 MM NATO (R)||USM Ball M855||62||925||3050|
|III||7.62 MM NATO (R)||USM Ball M193||55||925||3050|
|IV||30.06 (R)||AMP-2 Armor Piercing||166||868||2850|
For More Information
For more information about Military Surplus items or other Israeli products, contact our Judaica experts today.